Thursday, November 24, 2011

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I.V catheters - precautions

1. For adults requiring a peripheral catheter, upper extremity site is preferred. If it is for a child, then we can use both upper or lower extremities as well as scalp sites.
2. The catheter site should be evaluated everyday and if there is any sign of phlebitis, the catheter should be removed immediately.
3. For central catheters in adults, it is better to use the jugular or subclavian route rather than the femoral one.
4. Systemic antimicrobial prophylaxis is not essential when using I.V catheters.

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