Monday, March 14, 2011

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Hypertension and microalbuminuria

Microalbuminuria is defined as a level of 30-300 mg of albumin in the 24 hr urine sample. Usually albumin is not present in urine.
Instead of 24 hr urine, the simpler test we do in casualty is urine dipstick in a spot sample of urine. If we get a result of 1+ to 3+ it is considered as microalbuminuria.
The clinical implication of this is that it indicates early renal damage in the HBP patients.
So don't forget urine dipstick in HBP patients.

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